How to identify abnormal vaginal discharge

vagina infectionThe vagina environment maintains a perfect balance of normal bacteria and yeast and any change in the vaginal environment affects the color, texture and smell of the discharge. Vaginal discharge is most often a normal and regular occurrence. However, there are certain types of discharge that can indicate an infection. Abnormal discharge may be yellow or green, chunky in consistency, or have a foul odor. Abnormal discharge is usually caused by yeast or bacterial infection.

The cause of thick, white or cheesy vaginal discharge with foul smell is a sign of yeast infection mainly caused due to thrush or vaginitis. Other manifestation of abnormal vaginal discharge that may or may not be associated with pain and itching, they include:


• Thick and curdy white vaginal discharge: It is likely to be caused due to a fungal infection called candidiasis. It may cause irritation but no foul smell.
• Frothy, yellowish or greenish vaginal discharge: This when present with a bad smell can be due to trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite.
• White, grey or yellow color vaginal discharge: It is mainly caused due to bacterial vaginosis and may result in fishy odor.vaginal inf.

• White vaginal discharge with smell: This can be caused due to excessive use of antibiotics or steroids, birth control pills, pelvic inflammatory disease, sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia or gonorrhea, diabetes and in rare cases endometrial or cervical cancer. In certain cases, itching and pain in and around the vagina is present.
To confirm the cause of abnormal discharge, you’ll have to visit your gynecologist.

You can also get confidential, accurate and non-judgmental counseling on issues relating to your sexual and reproductive health from our trained counselors on the My Question service by sending an sms to 38120 from your MTN, Airtel, Glo and Starcomms FREE of charge. Just remember to include your AGE, SEX and LOCATION. You can also call to speak to our counselors FREE on Airtel only from Mon – Fri, 9am – 5pm. The number is 08027192781.

Breast Issues

So iv been learning alot from YouthPulse and i urge you guys to joint the forum just click here  http://www.youthpulse.org and sign up

Some women feel unhappy about their breasts’ size. They wish they were bigger or smaller or firmer. The size or shape of your breasts has nothing to do with their sensitivity: small breasts are just as sensitive as big ones. Your breasts – their shape and size – are determined by your genes. The shape is also influenced by the surrounding muscles.
breastsizeYou may notice your breasts get bigger or smaller if you put on or lose weight. The size of your breasts can depend on the time of the month, and may also be affected by hormonal contraceptive
Can I make my breasts grow bigger?
There is no proof that any exercises can make your breasts grow bigger, and certainly no proof that creams or sprays can do it. The only possibility is plastic surgery – you can have your breasts enlarged artificially, however there could be some side effects to this procedure.

It is always good to appreciate your body and be proud of who you are, because you are unique! Therefore there is really no need to be ashamed of any part of your body to make you want to increase or decrease it.

You can also get confidential, accurate and non-judgmental counseling on issues relating to your sexual and reproductive health from our trained counselors on the My Question service by sending an sms to 38120 from your MTN, Airtel, Glo and Starcomms FREE of charge. Just remember to include your AGE, SEX and LOCATION. You can also call to speak to our counselors FREE on Airtel only from Mon – Fri, 9am – 5pm. The number is 08027192781

How much do you know about HPV

hpv           It’s the most common sexually transmitted infection and causes cancer, but what do you really know about HPV, the human papilloma virus?

We talk a lot about Chlamydia, gonorrhea and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). Unfortunately, we’re not talking a lot about HPV.

Men are most often asymptomatic if they have an HPV infection, and they usually only find out about an infection after a partner has tested positive and informed them. Women, on the other hand, may have symptoms including genital warts.       hpv_billboard_web-300x143.jpg        Vaccinations Crucial for Both Sexes

We have the ability to decrease the incidence of these cancers by vaccinating children and young adults prior to their being exposed to the HPV virus. It is critical that we vaccinate both boys and girls to help prevent them from having to deal with a devastating cancer diagnosis.

The majority of those exposed to the virus successfully fends it off and don’t develop cancer, but not everyone is so lucky. HPV does not discriminate against age, race, rich or poor, men or women.

Vaccine May Be Given Up to Age 27

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children receive three doses of the HPV vaccine by the time they become sexually active.

The vaccines are generally recommended for children age 11 to 12,
but what if you’ve reached adulthood and haven’t yet received them?
You may be eligible to receive the series of vaccinations up until 27 years of age!

Timetable for Pap Tests       hpv_badge-300x300.png

Pap tests, the most common form of cervical cancer screening, are done as part of women’s gynecological care.

  • A woman should have her first Pap test when she is 21.
  • A pap smear, the screening test for cervical cancer, should be done every three years in women ages 21 to 29.
  • After age 30, women need to have the pap smear only every three to five years, but co-testing a pap smear along with a specialized HPV test is suggested.
  • All patients should have an annual gynecological exam—including a visual inspection of the cervix—and a pelvic exam yearly.
  • There are a few different screening algorithms for cervical cancer. The ideal option is a Pap test with an HPV test every 5 years. An alternate approach is a screening pap every 3 years.

Depending on how the results come back, women may need additional testing or more frequent screening. If testing is normal they may continue on the same pap test schedule.

By Louise Donahue for Summit Medical Group

Get more information on sexual and reproductive health issues, download Frisky Mobile App Here

Myths and Facts about HIV/AIDS

Myth 1:  You can tell someone has HIV/AIDS through their physical appearance or stature?

Fact: You can’t tell if someone has HIV or AIDS by looking. An infected person can appear completely healthy. But anyone infected with HIV can infect other people, even if no symptoms are present.

If you’re not sexually active, you’ve already eliminated the most common cause of HIV infection among teens. But if you have made the decision to have sexual intercourse (or oral sex), you need to protect yourself.

Myth 2: I can get HIV by being around people who are HIV-positive.

Fact: Research has shown that HIV is not spread through touch, tears, sweat, or saliva. You cannot catch HIV by:

-Breathing the same air as someone who is HIV-positive

-Touching a toilet seat or doorknob handle after an HIV-positive person
-Drinking from a water fountain
-Hugging, kissing, or shaking hands with someone who is HIV-positive
-Sharing eating utensils with an HIV-positive person

-Using exercise equipment at a gymYou can get it from infected blood, semen, vaginal fluid, or mother’s milk.

Myth 3: I can get HIV from mosquitoes.

Fact: Because HIV is spread through blood, people have worried that biting or bloodsucking insects might spread HIV. Several studies, however, show no evidence to support this — even in areas with lots of mosquitoes and cases of HIV. When insects bite, they do not inject the blood of the person or animal they have last bitten.

Myth 4:  I’m HIV-positive — my life is over.

Fact: In the early years of the disease epidemic, the death rate from AIDS was extremely high. But today, antiretroviral drugs allow HIV-positive people — and even those with AIDS — to live much longer, normal, and productive lives.

Myth 5: When you’re on HIV therapy you can’t transmit the virus to anyone else.
Fact: Antiretroviral drugs don’t keep you from passing the virus to others. Therapy can keep the viral load down to undetectable levels, but HIV is still present in the body and can still be transmitted to others.

Myth 6: Since I only have oral sex, I’m not at risk for HIV/AIDS.

Fact: You can get HIV by having oral sex with a man or a woman. That is why it is important to use a latex barrier during oral, vaginal, or anal sex.

Myth 7: You cannot get HIV if you are using birth control methods like diaphragms, cervical caps, sponges, spermicides, DepoProvera, Norplant, or the Pill.

Fact: These birth control methods do not prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) such as HIV. They only aim to prevent pregnancy. The surest way to prevent both pregnancy and an STD is through abstinence. One way people who are sexually active may prevent pregnancy and STD infection is to use a condom in combination with another form of birth control, such as a diaphragm, cervical cap, sponge, spermicide, DepoProvera, Norplant, or the Pill. Birth control products containing the spermicide nonoxynol-9 (found in most contraceptive creams, gels, suppositories, foams, films and sponges) help to prevent pregnancy but may increase the risk of HIV.

References:

http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=19039

The first time….

Have you ever had a bad day? A very bad day where things are not working right and you are at the very edge of losing your temper, or in fact you have lost it. Have you ever had an ugly day? A day where you do not look your finest no matter how hard you try? Then imagine somebody meeting you on such a day with the mentality of first impression. Is that really an impression of how you usually are everyday? Take for instance you met a manner less character on his good day and everything goes on well, does it mean that character is nice?. Well having interviewed several people, it was noted that though our first impression does not tell the whole story about us, it tells a bit of us. Our first impression on people tells them that the particular character been exhibited is embedded in us. Take for instance you just read a chapter of a whole book, you do not judge the whole book to be interesting or not by that chapter but by reading the whole book. The first impression of people should not be our long term opinion of them; it should only guide our assessment of their characters towards further knowledge of who they were, who they really are and who they can be. Imbibing the idea of first impression limits our vision of seeing a larger picture of an individual’s character to the surface. Hence, this may lead to great surprises when those individuals’ starts exhibiting characters contrary to those you saw at first sight. You actually never get a second chance to make a first impression.

first imp

My love letter to RIDA…

……So I have been battling with keeping my figure 8 and also working on having a flat stomach, I have tried all sorts of drink this….drink that, I tried doing sit ups when I wake up but I find myself doing it every once in three months…lol I know there are so many of us out there that are lazy to work out or always have something that occupies the only time we have to work out…so I was at Jabi park on Saturday and I met a guy who looked really fit and when I asked he’s secret to keeping fit he said DANCING! And in my mind I’m like seriously? But then again on second thought, not because he is just a choreographer but he is consistent, I figured out that he has an academy YIPEE!! I was so excited when he told me about it and u know what in this guys goody bag there a lots and lots like: dance training, fitness and weight loss section (that I really need), performances and so much more…for more info:

Email: richardsinternationaldanceacad@gmail.com

Phone no:08138920460

Bbm pin: 564ba2e9

Follow RIDA on IG and twitter @rida015

Remember keeping fit builds your confidence and helps relieve stress..my naija people live healthy and live happy..one loveIMG-20150820-WA002

July 6 is National Fried Chicken Day

i love chicken

Foodimentary - National Food Holidays

 

National Fried Chicken Day

Five Food Finds about Chicken

  • The greatest height a chicken egg has been dropped from without cracking is 700ft.
  • This bird was probably first domesticated for the purpose of cockfights, not as food.
  • Chickens aren’t completely flightless—they can get airborne enough to make it over a fence or into a tree.
  • These birds are omnivores. They’ll eat seeds and insects but also larger prey like small mice and lizards.
  • With 25 billion chickens in the world, there are more of them than any other bird species.

Today’s Food History

on this day in…

1615 Furuta Oribe died. His original name was Furuta Shigenari. He was a Japanese master of the tea ceremony who studied under Sen Riky. His ideas influenced the tea ceremony, teahouse architecture, tea-garden landscaping and even flower arrangement.

1766 Alexander Wilson was born. Scottish naturalist, ornithologist and poet. Founder of American ornithology.

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Can i just kill Mr.Monday?

hate monday

We all hate Mondays because they just tend to kill the fun of the weekends and are the most critical time of the weel but on a second thought they set stage for the day and the week ahead and make things work hehe!

Because you’ve stepped away for a couple days, these back-to-work mornings are the most memorable for the rest of the week.Most successful people are keenly aware of the typical Monday-morning workplace dynamic of unanticipated events, overflow of communications, and general chaos. “But after weathering hundreds of them, they realize they must gain control and stay upbeat.

Here are 16 things successful people do on Monday mornings:

  1. They wake up early. 

Successful people go to sleep at a decent hour on Sunday night, get a good night’s sleep, and wake up early Monday morning.

When the alarm goes off and the voice tells you that you went to bed far too late to get up this early, or that five more minutes won’t hurt, DON’T LISTEN!” “When you are in charge of the inner voice, there will be no stopping you.”

  1. They exercise.

Working out gets your circulation going and helps you stay alert, putting you at an advantage for a productive week ahead. You’ll get your endorphin rush, which will help your mood, too,

  1. They eat a healthy breakfast. 

On Monday morning, you want to handle everything you have control over. Eating breakfast is one of those things. “You don’t want to be staring at the clock, awaiting lunch time as your stomach growls at morning meetings.

  1. They arrive early. 

Do not succumb to the snooze button. Getting in earlier than others will help make Monday morning seem more like the afternoon because you’ll have had a chance to breathe before responding to the barrage of people and issues. Being an early bird will give you some wiggle room for the unexpected at work, not to mention any important personal matters that may arise.

  1. They clear their desk and desktop

Hopefully you already did this before you left on Friday. But if you didn’t, get this out of the way, or you might add to Monday stresses in a sea of disorganization. Organize and prioritize your files. Put aside unimportant paperwork and keep critical files easily accessible. You want to be prepared when you, your boss, or colleagues need something at the last minute.

  1. They carve out time for unexpected projects and tasks.

Successful individuals expect the unexpected on Monday. Your boss, team members, or staff may have remembered some loose ends over the weekend, so you’re wise to build in some extra down time on Monday morning.”

  1. They greet their team and boss. 

This is important to do first thing every morning to keep morale high, but on Monday it’s particularly valuable, as your team needs a special boost. “Ideally, you’ll spend an few extra minutes with your colleagues on Monday mornings. It reinforces a sense of purpose and community for everyone, including you.

  1. They update their to-do list and goals.

Get yourself current on priorities and tasks. Then set five to eight goals for the week.

Accomplished professionals have several goals in mind for the day and week,” she says. “They know that if all goals aren’t achieved, they can take pride in accomplishing most of them, and there’s next week to achieve additional objectives.”

  1. They visualize the week’s successes. 

By envisioning the positive outcomes of various projects at hand, you can work backward and determine the necessary steps to get your desired results.

  1. They screen emails for urgent requests.

You can sink into email oblivion if you don’t scan your inbox for urgency. Star emails that are priorities and think quality, not quantity.

  1. They tackle the tough challenges first.

The least desirable but critical projects are easy to put off, but your energy is stronger in the morning, so that’s the ideal time to confront the most difficult assignments.

  1. They make an extra effort to smile.

It might be the last thing on your mind, but overcompensating for the pressure cooker morning will help you get through it. You may well stand out in the crowd, but your smile will likely be contagious, helping both you and team members relax.

  1. They add a “blanket of humanity” to their emails. 

It’s tempting to power through all your emails in the most efficient way on Monday mornings. But before you hit send, read them over to ensure that they’re friendly and clear. “Put yourself in the recipient’s shoes. It’s relatively easy to appear curt when you’re in a hurry, along with the impersonal nature of emails and texts. You want to mitigate false starts and misinterpretations. One way to do this: Start the email by saying “Hi” and “I hope you had a great weekend.”

  1. They’re able to say no. 

On Monday mornings there will be many distractions — from people, to emails, to calls, meetings, offers for meeting in the break room, and so forth,” Taylor explains. “Successful people can diplomatically and politely say no to colleagues by offering to engage at a later time.”

If your boss needs you, that is clearly an exception. However, if you have crucial calls to make or meetings to attend, give your boss the heads-up. “It’s stressful to be a people pleaser, particularly on Monday mornings. Generally, no one ends up being pleased, as you can’t do your best work with conflicting priorities.”

  1. They stay focused.

Successful people don’t dwell on any challenging events that occurred over the weekend, or other frivolous thoughts.

  1. They remember that there is Tuesday.

In all the chaos it’s easy to believe that the world will cave if you don’t solve all Monday’s problems on Monday. But when the dust settles at the end of the day, you may realize that certain tasks could have waited. Sometimes you obtain more information over time that enhances your decision-making. Or you may find that certain problems you’re pondering will resolve themselves.

Monday morning can challenge even the most industrious, successful business leaders. But if you compensate for all the anticipated distraction and intensity by remembering to focus, plan, and stay calm, you won’t relive Monday all over again on Tuesday.

June 13 is National Cupcake Lover’s Day

Foodimentary - National Food Holidays

cupcake lovers day

Did you know cupcakes were first baked in tea cups?

Hence the name ‘cup’ cakes

Five Food Finds about Cupcakes

  •  Cupcake liners do more than make it easy to remove them from the pan. Traditionally, sides of tins are greased for easy removal, but also floured because the batter needs to have something to cling to. A cupcake liner takes care of both.
  • On August 15, 2009 GourmetGiftBaskets.com broke the world record for largest cupcake ever made. The cupcake was 1,224 pounds, 4 foot tall by 10 foot wide, and had 2 million calories.
  • One of the most popular cupcake bakery’s in the U.S. is Crumbs in New York City. They have reported $23.5 million in cupcake revenue last year alone!
  • The first mention of a cupcake recipe goes as far back as 1796. Amelia Simms wrote a recipe in “American Cookery” which referenced, “a cake to be baked in…

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Are You Hooked on Drugs?

Suppose you’ve been smoking marijuana, using heroine, cocaine, weed or some other drug for sometime, but you’re positive you can give it up anytime. And you’re pretty sure you are not addicted. But are you really certain?

Loss of control and denial are the two signs of being hooked on alcohol and other drugs. Denial is when you’re being dishonest with yourself about what you’re doing. Loss of control means you keep doing it despite problems like getting sick, failing in school, losing friends etc.

If you can’t wait for school to close, if you use it in the mornings, then you’ve got a serious problem. In short if you’re preoccupied with it, you’re in trouble.

Another danger sign is when all the things that have been important to you in the past – school, parents, friends, church – no longer matter.

Here are more clues that should warn you that you’re hooked or well on your way:

  • You find your moods and attitudes change quickly. You loose your temper suddenly, often without reason.
  • You start to cut classes and stop doing your homework; your grades begin to slip.
  • You fight with family members or friends when they try to talk to you about drugs.
  • You start to borrow or steal money from friends or family to buy drugs.
  • You become secretive about where you go and hide your activities from people you’ve always trusted before.
  • Your appearance gets sloppy because you just don’t care how you look anymore.
  • You experience physical symptoms from drug use – weight loss, tiredness, red eyes, etc.

If you show any of these signs or know someone who does, then you need to get help for yourself or the persondrugDriving_2612056b